different sub species of apis mellifera consume stores at different rates and over winter in different sizes. Most bees that people keep these days are mongrels but still exhibit different traits. It is also important to remember that different areas have different weather patterns and temps. Some bees overwinter in smaller colonies, so need lees stores. Some bees overwinter in much colder areas, so tend may or may not need as much stores. some beekeepers use poly which also effect stores usage. Some bees are in warmer areas, so have forage available for longer in autumn and sooner in spring. think the different between Plymouth and Aberdeen as extremes.
Some people only need 1 brood box.
Personally in Yorkshire. I overwinter nucs, singles BBs, brood and a half and double broods. I tends to use a box that all the bees will fit in to. So if a colony will only fill a single brood, they get a single brood for instance. I have some at the moment on triple broods because there's an awful lots of bees inside them. I have a mix of wood and poly.
the nucs will always needs feeding in January. The single broods I will keep an eye on (or a heft on) over winter. some times they needs feeding and sometimes not. It mainly depends on the winter temps.
The broods and a halfs and double broods will be fine. come Spring the brood and a half will have the queen moved down to the BB and a QE added between the two boxes.
I personally prefer double broods.
Let me never fall into the vulgar mistake of dreaming that I am persecuted whenever I am contradicted - Ralph Waldo Emerson